If you will have by no means heard of the Wendigo or Skadegamutc, then you might be in for an actual deal with…or a trick of the thoughts. These two Native American legends are rooted deep within the traditions of the northernmost U.S. and Canadian areas of North America. The tribes that declare their existence achieve this from actual experiences that they’ve had with these creatures. How precisely might such menacing entities have come into existence? Perhaps they’re merely a scary oral custom that was handed down by way of the generations as a way of making certain that Native Americans keep true to the creeds of respect, therapeutic, and stability? 

This article will stroll you thru the idea of animism and the world of the shamans. Then you’ll meet, firsthand, these legendary entities and learn precise tales of their encounters. The first is a really lifelike fictional account of the Wendigo written by writer Brian Moreland. The Skadegamutc story is retrieved from the archives of the Folklife Center on the University of Maine.

The Spirits Are Everywhere

Native Americans are identified for his or her deep reference to Nature. For these indigenous North Americans, all the pieces natural and inorganic has a spirit. Wind, fireplace, water, rocks, vegetation, animals – practically each facet of this planet – Mother Earth included – is attributed with an inside spirit. These non secular incarnations give Native Americans their distinctive perspective on life, dying, and the afterlife. Their beliefs and legends distinguish them from many different cultures all through the world and in historical past. Native Americans embrace the essence of all the pieces they encounter as a result of inside all the pieces is their understanding of God. And respect ought to all the time be given to the universe’s life drive. 

This is the rationale why they apply sure traditions and carry out numerous ceremonies, like the marriage celebration pictured above proper. Everything they do of their day by day lives serves a particular operate that’s depending on the setting and one another. Furthermore, and most significantly, Native Americans do their greatest to not go away an ecological footprint. This phenomenon, from a extra scientific perspective, is called animism.

“Animism (from the Latin: animus or anima, meaning mind or soul) refers to a belief in numerous personalized, supernatural beings endowed with reason, intelligence and/or volition, that inhabit both objects and living beings and govern their existences. More simply, it is the belief that ‘everything is conscious’ or that ‘everything has a soul.'”

For many Europeans and related Western Cultures, the realms of the bodily and the non secular are usually thought of to be separate entities. Through this perspective there’s a particular veil that divides these two worlds. Native Americans, nevertheless, view the bodily and non secular worlds as one coexisting entity. They are inseparable – one depends on the opposite. For their tradition, there actually is not the dividing veil that’s perceived to exist in additional European and Western societies. 

This is helpful for the shamans and medication males (tribal leaders inside Native American societies) as a result of it permits them a direct connection to the instruments wanted for therapeutic, perception, and path. Allowing our bodily world and the spirit realms to exist in a complementary duality opens up distinctive alternatives to make wonderful issues occur.

“Animistic creeds have in common an undertaking on the part of people to communicate with supernatural beings, not about metaphysics or the dilemmas of the moral life but about urgent practicalities: about securing food, curing illness, and averting danger.”

When any Native American needs assist with a problem, there’s all the time a strategy to flip to the spirit world for solutions. Balance and respect are all the time concerns, as will be seen when the hunt ensues. No one will ever over-hunt a species and all deaths are given the identical sentiments of loss as one would give to a human. The creeds are weighted with a stability that’s meant to by no means take something with no consideration and to seek for the deepest meanings for all features of existence.


Transcendental Visionaries



Native American shamans are key components to those “creeds.” They are endowed with a capability to depart their bodily our bodies and search out non secular assist wherever it might be discovered within the outer or inside dimensions. This shamanic capacity provides American Indians a singular edge in understanding the paranormal world on a degree we would solely be capable of think about. They can faucet into the non secular essence of all the pieces dwelling and nonliving in our surroundings. They might even be capable of higher grasp why limestone has its distinctive paranormal properties. But that’s one other publish….


There is a good magnificence on this astral connection that I consider we as people, usually, are dropping sight of in our day by day lives. Nature is changing into one thing to be eliminated, a supply of inconvenience or an entity to be forgotten as ineffective. We can also change into so misplaced inside ourselves that we neglect to respect our world and one another. We would do properly to recollect the items that Native Americans have to supply us.

But not all the pieces is stability and respect inside Native American tribes. Like some other society, there are members who don’t essentially have the perfect pursuits of their folks and setting in thoughts. They are, maybe, out for their very own acquire or egocentric exploration. Within the legends of Native Americans we discover very sturdy manifestations of those “dark spirits.” Two such entities who signify these very harmful components are the Windigo and the Skadegamutc.


Driven by an Unsatiable Hunger

The Wendigo is a creature spawned from human cannibalism. There are numerous descriptions of what they’re, however usually they vary in measurement from human stature to over 15 ft tall. They “have glowing eyes, long yellowed fangs and overly long tongues.” These manitou are pushed by an insatiable starvation for flesh that grows exponentially as they develop in measurement from every feeding. This supernatural creature will constantly hunt till it starves to dying or is killed.

The Witigo is normally categorized as a cryptid; nevertheless, its existence crosses over each bodily and non secular realms. This legendary anomaly is primarily attributed to the Algonquin tribe within the northernmost elements of the states that border the Great Lakes, nevertheless it can be discovered within the Inuit, Anishinaabe (Ojibwe), and Cree literature. It has been seen in numerous elements of Canada as properly. It has many alternative names, relying on the area. Wiindego, Witiko, Wee-Tee-Go, and Windigoag (plural type) are a number of.

    “The Wendigo was gaunt to the point of emaciation, its desiccated skin pulled tightly over its bones. With its bones pushing out against its skin, its complexion the ash gray of death, and its eyes pushed back deep into their sockets, the Wendigo looked like a gaunt skeleton recently disinterred from the grave. What lips it had were tattered and bloody [….] Unclean and suffering from suppurations of the flesh, the Wendigo gave off a strange and eerie odor of decay and decomposition, of death and corruption.”


The quote above is taken from a widely known Ojibwe storyteller Basil Johnson who has written extensively on these creatures. The Wendigo has the flexibility to tackle two varieties. One is the spirit that has been talked about, the manitou, and the opposite is “the power to turn humans into cannibals who suffer the same voracity.”


These reworked people have been the principle focus for sure shamans or different tribal members who’ve hunted these creatures and encountered people who have been about to be reworked. There are a number of documented instances of Native Americans who’ve been put to dying for homicide. Those convicted swear they have been disposing of a human who was turning right into a Windigo. One of essentially the most infamous convicted hunters was generally known as Jack Fiddler. You can discover his story right here. 



The Wendigo are very aggressive entities and they have to be killed by way of excessive measures. As Brian Moreland recounts in his fiction e-book, Dead of Winter:


     “The cannibal charged, loping toward them, closing the distance with incredible speed. Tom hurled the lantern, striking the beast with a burst of flames that rippled across the fur parka. The ravens scattered. The cannibal roared, spinning, a whirling dervish of fire. Tom and the soldiers filled the killer’s body with lead until he finally collapsed in a heap of flames.” (Chapter 125)


Many tribes all through the continent converse of those creatures, simply with totally different names. Here, in Brian’s phrases:


     “The folklore of the Canadian tribes all speak of legendary creatures that roam the wilderness. In northern Wisconsin, Dakota Indians speak of a bipedal creature named Chiye-tanka. And on the Pacific Northwest coast, the Athabaskan tribes have their Wechuge, and both Indians and Whites have reported seeing a hairy beast called Sasquatch or Bigfoot. These ape-like creatures are like the Abominable Snowmen of the Himalayas.” (Chapter 114)


Brian is a superb horror fiction author who bases his books on precise folks, occasions, experiences, legends, and entities. To breathe life into his writings, he researches extensively and will embed himself into the setting of which he’s writing to function genuine inspiration. Currently, he’s engaged on a number of upcoming books based mostly on a sabbatical from which he has just lately returned. I invite you to verify his wonderful work at http://brianmoreland.com/

Coming from a magical perspective, the Wendigo signify an entity that has eliminated the veil between the bodily and spirit worlds. Here the traces of actuality are blurred and this Native American legend strikes away from being simply an oral custom and turns into reworked into everybody’s worst nightmare. But the Wendigo will not be alone….
      

On an Extreme Scale

  

The Skadegamutc (pronounced skuh-deh-guh-mooch) is understood by alternate spellings inside the Wabanaki tribes (Skudakumooch, Skite’kmuj), however its creation is maybe essentially the most evil manifestation conceivable. The Mi’kmaq, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, and Abenaki tribes are affiliated with the Wabanaki who’re primarily situated within the state of Maine.


These “ghost witches” have been as soon as shamans who manipulated darkish energies. When they died, they refused to stay within the dying state and constantly combat to re-achieve life standing. As a results of these very twisted and darkish intentions, a non secular aberration is created – a kind of Native American vampire. At evening these creatures come out “to kill, eat, and throw curses at any unlucky humans who come across them.” The solely means a Skadegamutc will be destroyed is by fireplace. Here is a documented account by the University of Maine’s Folklife Center of one in all these entities attacking and killing a member of a looking occasion:

“There have been these two hunters [and] they received misplaced within the woods. While they have been looking there got here an enormous storm and they received misplaced, however they got here to this abandoned maple sugar camp, so that they needed to cease there for the evening. One of them mentioned, ‘I don’t really feel like getting in that place. [It] appears to be haunted by one thing. . . . I don’t really feel proper getting in there.’

[The other one] mentioned, ‘We’ll must cease someplace in a single day slightly than stroll in that storm or freeze to dying. We would possibly as properly cease right here for the evening and dry out our garments, and we’ll begin very first thing within the morning.’


So one of many hunters there couldn’t sleep. The different one quickly fell asleep and was loud night breathing. But [the first one] he nearly fell asleep as soon as and he put in some extra wooden on the hearth. And he might hear some noise, sort of a gurgling noise, and he seemed behind and seen this useless man sucking the blood out of the opposite hunter. He’d come to life, will need to have been a werewolf.

Next morning [everyone from a local Indian reservation] went. . . to that place, and they discovered this useless man [the Skadegamutc] laying on the bunk proper the place they left him and they discovered this different one all [with] his jugular vein all broke open [and] the blood drained out of him. Well, they took him and buried him within the Indian burying floor, however this different one [the black shaman] they burnt him. . . . They tied him to a pile of wooden. . . and burned him. That’s the one means they may kill him so he wouldn’t trouble any extra folks. During the final, when he was burning there they may hear the bones cracking. Pretty quickly they may hear a voice screeching means off into the air. That’s the one means they may eliminate him. . . .”



Final Thoughts


Legends are very prevalent inside Native American cultures and anybody who will not be of the tribes might learn and discover them to be merely from the depths of fiction. The humorous factor about legends, although, is that just about all of them are derived from actual experiences by actual Native Americans. They reside in accordance with a system of beliefs that permits them to understand the paranormal world in methods we will solely start to think about. What might appear to be the workings of an lively creativeness might, actually, be very actual. 

I problem you as a reader to look deeper into these legends and resolve for your self. 


Are they actually simply one thing you examine in books?


Or… do creatures just like the Windigo and the Skadegamutc actually do exist – ready and stalking to devour their subsequent prey?







Works Cited

http://comicvine.gamespot.com/boards/battles-7/wendigo-until-dawn-vs-chris-walker-outlast-1808897/


http://www.blumhouse.com/2016/03/31/the-10-most-terrifying-native-american-legends/ 


https://www.britannica.com/matter/animism

http://www.cryptopia.us/web site/2010/02/wendigo-canada/


http://www.native-languages.org/skadegamutc.htm


http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Animism


http://www.prairieghosts.com/wendigo.html


http://umaine.edu/folklife/publications/northeast-folklore-2/miscellaneous-malecite-tales/#Hunters












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